The history I learned named Mesopotamia, located in the “fertile crescent” as the cradle of civilization. Researching historical timelines, I find it astounding that this is still taught as fact. No question Mesopotamia was a great civilization, if you were alive in 3500 BC, Mesopotamia was the place to be. Credited with the first written language ( Sumarian ) the first recorded religion, remarkable groundwork in mathematics and astronomy, including the 24 hour day, 7 day week, and 365 day year. Mesopotamia had libraries, irrigation, were said to be the first metal and copper workers, worked with glass, made lamps, had temples, and awe inspiring palaces.
The history I learned presented these facts as if prior to Mesopotamia the world was nothing but trailer parks and tent cities. At one time the world was also thought to be flat.
So lets ponder – who decides historical fact or fiction? At what point do we cease to re-print textbooks, opening minds instead to further possibilities? Gobekli Tepe in Turkey is estimated to be 6 – 7 thousand years older than Mesopotamia. At Varna in Bulgaria almost 300 graves dating 2 thousand years before Mesopotamia have been excavated. These graves contained almost 3000 pieces of gold, the earliest known gold in the world, including a gold penis sheath. They’ve found weapons, and evidence of a highly structured society. Derinkuyu is another baffling site. Located in Turkey its an underground city, built to house 20,000 people, complete with stables, breweries, shops, and lets not forget the elaborate ventilation system, impenetrable stone doors, and no idea who, when, or why it was constructed.
We may not have found their libraries, but they deserve pondering in that dusty old high school history text.
Photo from the above link. Grave at Varna.