In 1784 Benjamin Franklin is credited with being the first person to suggest daylight savings time. In 1895 a New Zealand entomologist named George Vernon Hudson proposed that clocks be advanced two hours during summer months. Englishman William Willet tried again in 1905, this time it went to the House of Commons in 1908 but never became law. During the first world war it was used to save power in North America and Europe. After the war most countries went back to their pre war time keeping. On Feb. 9, 1942 Franklin D. Roosevelt created “War Time” a year round DST. Time zones were known as “Pacific War Time” “Central War Time”, and “Eastern War Time”. When the second world war ended it became “Peace Time”
Until 1966 when the “Uniform Time Act” was passed, American states were free to choose any system of time keeping they wanted. Similar confusion and irregularities were happening worldwide. There still isn’t a world standard for DST. Less than 100 countries “spring forward” and “fall back” of those that do the dates vary from country to country.
For those of us in North America – fall back November 4, 2012 at 2 AM. The first link below will set your watch in any country you happen to find yourself in.
Many countries in Europe change their clocks to observe daylight saving time on the last Sunday of March each year. Pictured above is a clock in Prague, the Czech Republic’s capital city.