Mount St. Helens Rising?

May 18, 1980 – a postcard spring morning. Getting ready for work and listening to relentless chatter of birds, I hurried so I could take the long way to work and enjoy a few extra minutes outside. Just before 8:30 I closed the patio door and sensed something out of place. It took a few seconds to register – it was silent, completely and utterly quite, not a chirp or flutter. It was as if the birds had vanished. A few hours later I heard Mount St. Helens had erupted at 8;32 am.

I can’t say I heard the “boom” or felt tremors from the largest volcanic eruption in American history. Scores of local residents reported hearing the shock wave despite a distance of over 500 Km. All I know for a fact is that bird activity came to a stand still just before eruption.

Fifty seven people perished,  the largest land slide in recorded history buried rivers, roads and train tracks to a depth of 600 feet. When all was said and done РSt. Helens lost 1,300 feet in elevation, and devastated an area of 200 square miles. Ash rose 12 miles upwards, darkening skies and causing street lights to come on 300 miles away in Spokane Washington.

Last week the Cascades Volcanic Observatory released reports of St. Helens stirring, specifically indications of magma re-pressurization. Increased uplift and seismic activity remind us it will happen again. The information bulletin wasn’t a warning of immediate danger – an eruption isn’t expected anytime soon.

On clear days we can see Mt. Baker in Washington State, sometimes puffs of smoke rise from the ice covered peak. Mt. Rainier hasn’t erupted for 500 years and is considered as active as Baker or St. Helens. The “ring of fire” surrounding the Pacific Ocean basin accounts for most of the world’s seismic activity, boasting 452 volcanoes and 75% of Earth’s volcanic eruptions.

Photo – Cascades Volcanic Observatory – St. Helens eruption

Impossible to predict or prevent all we can do is prepare. Waiting until the birds fall silent doesn’t make a lot of sense.


Yellowstone Super Volcano

Picture of a Yellowstone geyser, part of a round-up of the best science discoveries of 2011

Steam rises from Castle Geyser in Yellowstone National Park (file photo).

The Yellowstone volcano is considered to be the largest volcano in the world. It last erupted 70,000 years ago. Most people picture a mountain when they think of a volcano, Yellowstone is almost flat, completely underground. The caldera is over 50 miles wide, and has been rising several inches a year since 2004. An eruption would be very, very bad. It would make Mt. St. Helens look like a ¬†child’s pop gun going off.